Artificial Intelligence Tutorial

Artificial intelligence tutorial

The 21st century is known as the revolution in the field of science and technology. Nowadays the technology has reached a great extent. Artificial intelligence is also one of the most significant scales. It has started with the reasoning and probability, and now it has reached up to machine learning. It is one of the most significant achievements of the scientists and also the bright future of the science.

Points to be covered in this article:-

Following are the headings which I will discuss in this article:-

            1.    Introduction

            2.   History

            3.   Forms of Artificial intelligence

            4.    Application of Artificial intelligence

            5.     Future applications

            6.     Drawbacks of Artificial Intelligence

            7.     Conclusion


Artificial Intelligence can be defined as the branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers. It can also be described as the method through which a machine and a human set up a communication channel.

Artificial intelligence is also defined as the:- 

The technology which is used to set up a medium of communication by which a machine works as per as the instruction of humans.


The history of Artificial intelligence (AI) began in antiquity, with myths, stories, and rumors. The plantation of modern AI was started by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking in collaboration with the machine learning. It culminated in the invention of the programmable digital computer in 1940's, which works on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning.

The field of artificial intelligence research was founded at a workshop held on the campus of “Dartmouth college”  during summer of   1956.  It was predicted that a machine will exists which is as intelligent as a human.  The earlier approach was by knowledge reasoning which was based on the prediction.  In around 1950 to 1960, the artificial intelligence was considered a myth, fiction, and speculation.

Mechanical men artificial began appearing in Greek mythology, such as golden robot of “Hephaestus.”By the 19th century, ideas about synthetic men and thinking machine were developed in fiction.Realistic humanoid automatons were built by craftsman from the civilians.

Forms of Artificial intelligence:-

There are various forms of the artificial intelligence, using which, we can study the advanced structure of the robots and machines.  The structure refers to the technological advancement of the artificial robotics and computers. Devices are able to understand verbal commands, distinguish pictures, drive cars and play games better than we do.  Intelligence exhibited by machines or software.  It is also the name of the academic field which studies how to create computers and computer software that are capable of doing advanced things which a human can’t do in real time.

The forms of artificial intelligence can be distinguished as:-

               1. Weak AI

              2. Strong AI

             3. Super Intelligence 

  Weak artificial intelligence:-

Weak artificial intelligence is also known as narrow AI is non-sentient artificial intelligence that is focused on one primary task. Weak artificial intelligence is an approach to artificial intelligence research and development with the consideration that AI is a simulation of human cognitive function. A good example of ineffective AI is characters in a computer game that acts according to the instruction given by the users.

Another example of the weak AI is Apple’s Siri, which has the internet behind it serving as the principal database. Siri is brilliant as it holds the conversation with actual people.

Strong artificial intelligence:-

Strong Intelligence is research and development into AI with similar abilities to humans such as consciousness, intentionally. This type of AI is recursive, in that it could improve itself. Strong AI doesn’t yet exist. Strong AI is a term used to describe a particular mindset of AI development. The strong AI  refers to the implementation of the assets of the human behavior through the machines.

At present active AI development is overshadowed by the immediate application of applied AI, at that field yields more tangible and quantifiable results.


A superintelligence is a contingent agent that retains intelligence far surpassing the brightest and most gifted human minds. It may also refer to a property of problem-solving systems whether or not this high-level highbrow proficiency are epitomized in agents that acts in the world. A superintelligence may or may not be created by an intelligence explosion and demonstrate with a technological singularity.
Artificial Intelligence scenario

Application of artificial intelligence:-

As we know that the artificial intelligence has a wide range of application in different fields of science and technologies also on the aspects of arts, philosophy, psychology, etc.
Some of the essential applications are:-

    1.  Problem-solving:- 
This is the very first application of the artificial intelligence towards the solving the problems like the human beings do.

    2.  Playing Games:-

This is also one of the critical application of the artificial intelligence. As we know that the most of the games are played with a set of predefined rules. AI helps to interpret those regulations efficiently to make the task easier and faster.

     3.Language Understanding:-

The AI also helps for natural language understanding and also to interpret the instruction given to the computers.


It is the activity performed by the  AI which involves functionalities like-“Speech Reorganization,” “Pattern Reorganization.”

     5.  Image Processing:-

It is a simple task to attach a  camera to a computer so that computer can receive visual images. The primary goal of the image processing is to find the relation between the parts of images.

Future application of artificial intelligence:-

1. In nearby future, the artificial intelligence will help us to keep safe from the upcoming disasters.

2. Shimon Whitson says we will all become cyborgs.

3. AI will make the human better than anything in every field.

4. AI will help humans to behave like superhuman.

Drawbacks of artificial intelligence:- 

As we know that artificial intelligence also has some drawback:-

1.  The significant disadvantage of the artificial intelligence is involvement of manpower has reduced.

2.  It is more expensive the other technologies.

3.  The machine will not get any emotions inside it so we can say that we can’t create replicated humans.

 4.  Experience never matters to the machines.  
       5.  It has no original creativity.


Artificial intelligence is the latest upcoming revolution in the field of technology. It has a lot of advantage like usages in the different areas and also to develop the new robots and machines.
 In the other hands, AI also has some disadvantages like high cost and less human power involvement.

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